The first scientists
The first scientific culture in the world was established about 2,500 years ago in Ionia, a Greek colony located among the islands and coasts of the eastern Aegean Sea (roughly the western shoreline of Turkey today). Ionia was not at the center of anything, but was at a crossroads of trade between Greece and the civilizations of Eastern Asia. As often happens in such regions a diversity of cultures prevailed and differing belief systems were accepted. The physical disconnection of the islands and inlets further prevented a single world view from taking over the region.
Around 600–400 B.C. an era known as the Ionian Awakening began. The Ionians rejected superstition and a remarkable idea took hold: the universe is knowable. It exhibits an internal order that allows the laws of nature to be revealed.
The thinkers of the time were children of sailors, farmers, and tradesmen.